Of Those Who Can Excommunicate or Be Excommunicated

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Of Those Who Can Excommunicate or Be Excommunicated

We must now consider those who can excommunicate or be excommunicated. Under this head there are six points of inquiry:

  1. Whether every priest can excommunicate?
  2. Whether one who is not a priest can excommunicate?
  3. Whether one who is excommunicated or suspended, can excommunicate?
  4. Whether anyone can excommunicate himself, or an equal, or a superior?
  5. Whether a multitude can be excommunicated?
  6. Whether one who is already excommunicated can be excommunicated again?