Of the Necessity of Grace
We must now consider the exterior principle of human acts, i.e. God, in so far as, through grace, we are helped by Him to do right: and, first, we must consider the grace of God; secondly, its cause; thirdly, its effects.The first point of consideration will be threefold: for we shall consider
- The necessity of grace;
- grace itself, as to its essence;
- its division.
Under the first head there are ten points of inquiry:
- Whether without grace man can know anything?
- Whether without God's grace man can do or wish any good?
- Whether without grace man can love God above all things?
- Whether without grace man can keep the commandments of the Law?
- Whether without grace he can merit eternal life?
- Whether without grace man can prepare himself for grace?
- Whether without grace he can rise from sin?
- Whether without grace man can avoid sin?
- Whether man having received grace can do good and avoid sin without any further Divine help?
- Whether he can of himself persevere in good?