Of the Causes of Sorrow or Pain

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Of the Causes of Sorrow or Pain

We must now consider the causes of sorrow: under which head there are four points of inquiry:

  1. Whether sorrow is caused by the loss of a good or rather by the presence of an evil?
  2. Whether desire is a cause of sorrow?
  3. Whether the craving for unity is a cause of sorrow?
  4. Whether an irresistible power is a cause of sorrow?